Roman Republican era coins

Dublin Core

Title

Roman Republican era coins

Subject

The era when Rome was ruled by a Republican (quasi-democratic oligarchy) government via the Senate and Council.

Description

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Date

509-27 BCE

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Collection Items

AE Quadrans (264 D)
The obverse side of the coin features a depiction of the head of Herakles wearing a lion’s skin headdress. Legend claims that Herakles with the help of his Heraklean supernatural powers strangled the vicious Nemean lion with his bare hands to save…

AR Denarius of Julius Caesar
The obverse side contains Caesar's name and shows an elephant and snake. This signifies a power struggle with Caesar and represents the religious power struggle of good and evil. The reverse shows important things such as a ritual cap, ax, and a long…

AR Denarius of Quintus Fufius Calenus
The obverse of this coin depicts the laureate bust of the Roman god Honos (left), and the helmeted bust of the goddess Virtus (right). These two deities were commonly portrayed together in Roman culture, as Honos personifies honor while Virtus…

AR Roman Republic Gladiator Denarius
The obverse depicts Roma, the personification of Rome. The reverse shows two gladiators fighting as a reference to Titus Didius, a notably violent proconsul of Spain.

AR Denarius of L. Lucretius Trio
The obverse side of this coin depicts the sun god Sol with rays emerging from their head. The reverse side shows a crescent moon surrounded by seven stars. The sight of seven stars was important to ancient people because it marked Spring planting or…

AR Denarius of L. Plautius Plancus
The obverse side features the face of Medusa, considered an image of power and protection because she could turn enemies to stone. The reverse features the Roman goddess of dawn, Aurora, leading the four horses of the sun while holding a palm branch.…

AR Denarius of A. Manlius Q.F. Sorgianus
The obverse side of the coin features either an abstract personification of Rome itself or a reference to Minerva the Roman goddess of wisdom, medicine, commerce, the fine arts, and later, war. The reverse side features a rare frontal view of either…

AR Denarius of Mn. Fonteius of Narbonese Gaul
On the obverse side, it shows heads of Dioscuri, the twin brothers Castor and, the demi-god, Pollux. In Greek Mythology, Zeus was the father of Pollux, making Pollux a demi-god, and Tyndareus, the King of Sparta, was the father of Castor making him…

AE Denarius of L. Roscius Fabatus
The obverse shows Juno wearing a goatskin cloak. Juno Sospita was the goddess of fertility, who protected women and accompanied them through life. The reverse portrays a virgin, who at the annual festival of Juno Sospita had to feed the snake living…

AR Denarius of  Mn. Aquillius
On the obverse side, it shows a figure wearing a helment and the word "VIRTVS" spelled out to the right of the figure. On the reverse side, it shows a warrior holding shield in their left hand and raising up fallen figure with right hand. The Roman…
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