Roman Republic L. Valerius Flaccus
money; coins (money)
The obverse side of the coin pictures the winged bust of Victory, possibly chosen in hopes for success in the Jugurthine War. The reverse pictures Mars, the god of war, holding a spear and a trophy next to grain. Also on the reverse is an apex, which is the headwear that Roman priests (Flamen) would wear. The minter, L. Valerius Flaccus, was also the Flamen Martialis, which meant that he was one of the three highest priests of the official state cult of Mars. Altogether, the portrayal of both Victory and Mars on a coin shows praise and prayer to the gods for their continued support against their enemies.
L. Valerius Flaccus
Sydenham 565; Crawford306/1
ARTH250 (Professor V. Rousseau, Fall 2020)
University Art Collection, University of St. Thomas (St. Paul)