Gold nomisma of Constantine IX
money; coins (money)
This gold nomisma, minted between 1042 and 1055 CE, shows Christ wearing a cross and in one hand holding the gospels. On the reverse Constantine IX holds a globes crucigar (cross on a globe) in one hand and a military standard (labarum) in the other. The emperor of this time was viewed as kind of conduit between Christians and God. Just from this coin, a lot can be learned about the hierarchy of the Byzantine Empire. First and foremost was Jesus and God, but a close second was the emperor. This sort of visualization of divine sanction is seen throughout the pagan and Christian Roman empire.
Constantine IX, Emperor of Constantinople
Sear Byzantine 1830
ARTH250 (Professor V. Rousseau Fall 2021)
University Art Collection, University of St. Thomas (St. Paul)
Roman Empire, Byzantine Empire